Genesis (1946-1967)
  Manibhai Desai came to Urulikanchan with Mahatma Gandhi (March 22) takes an 'Oath of Celibacy' to dedicate his life to rural development
  Gandhiji left Urulikanchan to continue his talks with the British Government
  Manibhai Starts Sevadal at the village, gets rid of the local Pathan moneylender
  Initiated 'Renovation of Temple' in village as an entry point of his activities
  Built a school of 12 classrooms in the temple complex
  Started 'Urulikanchan Ashram Goshala' . Purchased a pair of bullocks and first herd of cattle from the Government of Saurashtra. (This included Dharmaraj and 13 Gir cows. Between 1948 and 1955 this herd became the pride of the Goshala. For 5 consecutive years the Ashram Goshala was declared the best around.) Government of Saurashtra gave a donation of 7 cows and 2 young bulls in appreciation of the work
  Initiated Experimental Lift Irrigation Scheme. (There was a well with dirty water near the local railway station. Manibhai purchased an acre of land near the well and used lift irrigation to clean and make the well ready for use.)
  ‘Dhenu-III' – BAIF’s prized crossbred, recorded a yield of 47 lbs. milk in a day. (Earlier awards- thrice first prize in 1957-58, 1959-60, 1961-62 and Second Prize in 1958-59 and 1960-61.)
  Manibhai awarded the prestigious 'Gopal Ratna' Award, Villagers accepted Manibhai as an 'Honorary Consultant'
  Started sale of grapes in Pune Broke the world record of grapes with the Thomson Seedless variety
  Employment Generation Schemes initiated
  First crossbreed project - Savitri. (Savitri was brought from Spicer college Pune. She was a crossbreed sired of a Holstien Fresian bull and a Gir cow.)
  The concept of an organisation to carry out large scale experiments on livestock and agricultural activities emerged and was finalized as an 'All India Organisation' by the name of Bhartiya Agro Industries Foundation
  Shri. Yashwantrao Chavan, Shri. Vasantrao Naik and Shri. Annasaheb Shinde joined BAIF as trustees and founder members.
Support and Growth (1967-1993)
  24th August. Birth of 'Bharatiya Agro-Industries Foundation'. (at the hands of Dr. Zakir Hussain, the-then President of India.) Dr. D. V. Rangnekar joins BAIF on 2nd July. He is the First employee on BAIF’s roll.
  Manibhai awarded the prestigious ‘Padmashree’
  A project from DANIDA (Denmark). Received 3.2 m Danish Kroner (36 lakhs) in the form of cattle, money, books and equipment.
  Cattle Development Programme started for 10 Districts of Maharashtra
  Manibhai devised the idea of door-to-door insemination by veterinary doctors
  Approved the establishment of training project Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) provided support to strengthen the exotic herd
  Possession of 40 ha of land near Urulikanchan village, gifted by the State Government for establishing research facilities.
  Establishment of Central Cattle Breeding Farm.
  Frozen semen Production Lab started. Semen delivered via Hayes Farms International
  Mr. B. Sivaraman (Planning Commission) of Karnataka accepted the cattle breeding programme under the Integrated Area Development Programme
  BAIF overtook the State Cattle Breeding Programme
  Manibhai visited Canada to handpick 100 pure-bred Holstein and 40 pure-bred Jersey cattle. (22nd September-17th October)
  Import of H.F. and Jersey Heifers from Canada and establishment of Semen Freezing station at Urulikanchan.
  Introduction of Hawaiian Giant Leucaena: Dr. Narayan G. Hegde, Trustee, BAIF, based on his expertise, gifted the country with Salvador type leucaena (locally known as subabul) from Hawaii, primarily for fodder development which opened a new opportunity to promote afforestation and wastelands development while addressing the problems of fuel and timber as well. Under his direction, BAIF took the lead in promoting subabul cultivation as a source of raw material for paper and pulp industries and demonstrated its superiority over eucalyptus species.
  Launch of ICAR-funded All India Coordinated Research Project (AICRP) on Animal Nutrition with focus on the utilisation of unconventional feed and fodder resources for animal feeding and improvement in feeding practices with complete feed.
  Establishment of FMD vaccine production unit at Wagholi.
  Freezing of Semen for crossbred and indigeneous bulls
  Produced film 'Vardaan'
  Started various programmes such as
  Afforestation and Wasteland Development
  Established industrial wasteland projects
  Programmes and competitions for children
  An Animal Nutrition Lab at Urulikanchan by Annasaheb Shinde
  Conceptualisation of the Wadi programme The wadi programme started with 100 participants in the first year. Eventually, many of them dropped off and 42 wadis survived in the first batch. Around the same time, BAIF’s Mother and Child healthcare programme started in Vansda, Gujarat.
  Launch of ICAR-funded AICRP on Forage Crops for conducting breeding and agronomy trials on major cultivated cereals, legume fodder crops and perennial grasses such as maize, bajra, lucerne, B xN Hybrid, chenchrus and stylosanthes.
  The Asian Paints Project was initiated to study the adaptability and suitability of crossbred animals in relation to production potential of animals under different management conditions and geno-type environmental interaction in bos taurus x bos indicus cattle under Indian tropical conditions.
  Buffalo Bull Semen of superior breeds and Artificial Insemination started.
  Huge political unrest in Maharashtra. The Antulay Government did not support NGOs. Animal Husbandry Department submitted a proposal to the Government stating that the support provided to BAIF should be instead given to the Animal Husbandry Department. The Government agreed to their proposal and withdrew support to BAIF.
  On the barren lands of the Maharashtra Gas Cracker Complex at Nagothane in Raigad district, ‘Industrial Greenbelt Development’ activity was launched. This was the first of many such activities. Other organizations with similar projects with BAIF are Nuclear Power Corporations, India Petrochemicals, Indian Aluminium Co., Gokak Mills, Navin Flourine Industries and many others. The projects generally operate on a turnkey basis
  Goat Buck Semen of superior breeds and Artificial Insemination started
  Demise of BAIF’s founder Shri. Manibhai Desai on November 14 at the age of 73 years
Consolidations and Learnings (1993 onwards)
  Dr. Manibhai Desai, a disciple of Mahatma Gandhi and Founder of BAIF and a visionary who extended BAIF's programmes with the support from various State Governments and national and international donor agencies, passed away on November 14th 1993.
  In 1993, after the demise of its Founder, Dr. Manibhai Desai, Dr. Narayan G. Hegde, the-then Executive Vice President of BAIF, took over the leadership of BAIF. During the next 16 years, as the President and Managing Trustee of BAIF, under his leadership, based on good governance, accountability and transparency, BAIF made a ten-fold expansion with its programmes benefitting over 44 lakh poor families spread over 65,000 villages across 15 states in the country.
  Prof. Nils Lagerlof Memorial Award was conferred on BAIF Scientist Dr. M.R. Bhsorekar for outstanding contribution to Research in Animal Reproduction.
  The Adivasi Development Programme, supported by KfW (German Development Bank), was launched to improve the quality of life of 10,000 tribal families in Dharampur taluka of Valsad district of Gujarat through development of productive orchards of mango and cashew while promoting support activities for improved community health and empowerment of women.
  Conception of Swayamsiddha Project. BAIF decided to focus on a new project on gender issues in development and use the project as an opportunity to develop an M&E system with inputs from IDRC.
  BAIF initiated Community pasture programme at Jodhaka Kheda in the Hindoli tehsil of Bundi district.
  Training and Extension for Sustainable Rural Development Project was launched with the support of the Government of the Netherlands through the International Agricultural centre, Wageningen, the Netherlands.
  The Transfer of Technologies for Sustainable Development Project supported by the European Union, was launched. This multidisciplinary project was implemented over 8 years (1996-2004), covering 33,000 poor families spread over 217 villages in 11 village clusters of Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra and Karnataka. The project aimed at sustainable livelihood, improving the status of women and community health through development of people's organisations at the grassroot level. The Cluster Development Approach was developed while implementing this project. Over 120 types of micro-enterprises were developed to empower the landless. Critical inputs were provided to improve livestock and agricultural productivity. This unique approach enabled over 85% of the participant families to come out of poverty.
  The Water Conservation and Energy Project supported by the India-Canada Environment Facility (ICEF), was launched in 1996 in Karnataka, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh covering 2100 families from 20 villages.
  Phasing out of Health Care Production: Health care and nutrition management being important factors affecting the profitability of dairy farming, Dr. Manibhai Desai decided to establish the Animal Health Laboratory popularly known as BAIF Laboratories was established to produce various vaccines required for protecting the livestock from critical diseases. This modern lab was inaugurated by the-then Prime Minister Shri. Morarji Desai and the-then Chief Minister of Maharashtra, Shri. Sharad Pawar in 1979. However, due to the presence of many players including many multinationals engaged in production of vaccines, BAIF realised the need to re-focus on field development rather than engage in production of vaccines. Hence, the BAIF Laboratories was disposed off at a remunerative price and the profit was used for field development activities.
  BAIF's Research Projects 'Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis (IBR) for Cattle' and ' Rapid Diagnostic kits for poultry and cattle' were enlisted among 15 milestones and new scientific heights scaled by our country on the eve of the Technology Day celebration by the Government. of India, Ministry of Science and Technology on May 11.
  BAIF's Semen Freezing at Urulikanchan become the first laboratory in the country to receive the ISO 9002 Certification for quality system in processing of frozen semen from TUV Management Service, Munich. Presently, the lab enjoys recognition of ISO 9001:2008.
  KfW- NABARD project commenced in September and is operative up to 30 December 2010. The project aimed at improving the socio-economic condition of 14,000 tribal families and 1000 landless women through various economic and social welfare activities in 3 hilly blocks of Thane and Nasik districts of Maharashtra.
  Swayamsiddha - Women's Health and Empowerment Project was launched with the support of Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) and International Development Research Centre (IDRC) in 65 villages in 9 locations of 6 states with focus on gender sensitivity through gender responsive initiatives, drudgery reduction, livelihood support, improved health status, formation of community-based organisations by women.
  H.E. Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam during his tenure as the President of India, visited our Central Research Station at Urulikanchan.
  ‘Women In Development’ (WID) Programme started.
  Goat programme was started as a part of this (WID) programme. The focus of the programme was upgrading, increasing efficiency and the productivity of milk and meat.
  Establishment of Embryo Transfer Lab at Urulikanchan for genetic improvement of livestock by Dr. R. Chidambaram, Principal Scientific Adviser to the Government of India on February 14.
  Inauguration of Reproduction Biotechnology Lab at Urulikanchan by the-then President of India Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam on November 30.
  Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, the-then President of India, visited BAIF's Wadi programme at Karjun, Dharampur taluka of Valsad district and Chonda in Vansda taluka of Navsari district of Gujarat on March 29, 2003.
  BAIF Laboratory was graded 'A' by the Central Monitoring Unit, Government of India under the National Project on Cattle and Buffalo Breeding.
  BAIF entered the Eastern region with the Goat Development Project launched in Burdwan and Bankura districts of West Bengal with the support of J.R.D. Tata Trust, Mumbai and the Government of West Bengal. The project was formally launched on August 3, 2005 in the presence of the Chief Minister, Shri. Buddhadev Bhattacharya.
  Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, the-then President of India, visited the tribal development programme at Ashakiran wadi in Nandgaon village in Igatpuri taluka of Nashik district of Maharashtra on October 15, 2005.
  Inauguration of Molecular Genetics Lab at Urulikanchan by Shri. Sharad Pawar, Union Minister for Agriculture, Government of India on October 21.
  Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, the-then President of India, visited the Agri-horti-forestry Programme at Manjunathpura block in Tumkur district of Karnataka on January 22, 2006.
  Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam during his tenure as the President of India, appreciated the work of BAIF during his Address to the Nation on the occasion of Republic Day.
  BAIF-NAIP project Component I brought in action
  Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, the-then President of India,visited the wadi programme at Raniganj cluster in Pratapgarh district of Uttar Pradesh on May 2.
  Dr. Narayan G. Hegde who served as President and Managing Trustee of BAIF from 1993-2009, attained the age of superannuation and handed over the responsibility to Mr. Girish G. Sohani in June, 2009. Dr. Hegde continues with BAIF as Trustee and Principal Adviser and also serves as the Managing Trustee of the Nature Cure Ashram at Urulikanchan founded by Mahatma Gandhi in 1946.
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