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  Animal Sciences

Bull Mother Farm:
An exotic Bull Mother Farm and Bull Station popularly known as the Central Cattle Breeding Farm was established to produce exotic bulls for semen production with the support of the Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA) under bilateral assistance in 1970-71 followed by the procurement of Holstein and Jersey pregnant heifers in 1971 and 1975. These animals were bred with superior sires from different countries to induce suitable characters for Indian conditions. The Bull Mother farm houses purebred Jersey and Holstein Friesian cows and bulls as well as HF and Jersey crossbred bulls and different Indigenous cattle and buffalo breed bulls. Similarly, the herd & bulls are totally free from all the diseases (as per MSP) & regular tests & vaccinations are carried out to ensure disease free status of the herd. Presently, The Bull Mother Farm has 462 animals with 262 bulls, 158 females and 52 young stocks.

Embryo Transfer Laboratory:
Equipped with facilities for collection, freezing and transfer of embryos, in vitro fertilization and micro-manipulation, the ET laboratory is supporting production of elite bulls, bull mothers and conservation of native breeds. The Reproduction Biotechnology laboratory has been attached to this unit for hormone estimation, parentage testing and embryo sexing work. The ET programme has also been extended to the field areas of Maharashtra, where progressive farmers are coming forward to avail the ET transfer service. Total 560483 frozen semen doses produced during 2009-10, from 12 bulls (3 Jerseys, 8 Holsteins and one HF cross) born out of embryo transfer are being used for Dairy animal improvement program.

Molecular Genetics Laboratory:
The laboratory is working on Bovine Genomics covering some important aspects for Marker Assisted selection of animals for better performance. Processes are being standardized for detection of genetic disorders like BLAD, DUMPS and Citrullinaemia. Laboratory has its own DNA repository of over 1000 DNA samples of exotic & indigenous breed animals. The laboratory is well equipped with sequigen GT sequencer, electrophoresis instruments, PCR machine and all other important instruments.
Income from sale of milk, surplus progeny and farmyard manure from the herd was spent for meeting day to day family expenses, education of children, expenditure on marriage ceremonies and for digging a well. In addition, Jagdale has built a modest house and purchased 0.2 ha agriculture land.
Semen Freezing Laboratory:
BAIF's frozen semen laboratory is the first laboratory to have ISO 9001:2001 certification in the country for processing and freezing of the semen. The laboratory is graded 'A' by the Central Monitoring Unit constituted by GOI, New Delhi.
BAIF Semen Freezing Laboratory has produced 6.5 million doses in 2009-10, of Purebred exotics (Holstein and Jersey), Crossbred (Bulls resulting from crosses between local and exotic), Indigenous (Sahiwal, Gir, Khillar, AmritMahal, Hallikar etc.), Buffalo (Murrah, Surti and Jaffarabadi).
The Semen Freezing Laboratory is equipped with ultramodern equipments. A separate Quality Control Laboratory is taking care of the quality control measures for semen production as defined by MSP.
The laboratory is also engaged in research in semenology, besides its pivotal role in production of pathogen free frozen semen of purebred exotic and crossbred cattle and buffalo bulls.
More than 18 lacs of doses are used per year in our BAIF field programme, for all these inseminations a complete feed back is taken in respect of conception rate, calves born, their performance etc. thus our semen quality is ensured by field data support under varied agro-climatic conditions.
BAIF is supplying quality frozen semen doses to many of the state Govts. such as Jammu & Kashmir, Tamilnadu, West Bengal, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Pondicherry, Orrissa, Assam, Meghalaya, etc and Cooperative and Non-Government Organizations engaged in livestock development.
Progeny Testing of Bulls:
A batch of young bulls under semen collection is selected every year for progeny testing programme to evaluate their genetic potential and to select proven sires for further breeding to improve the milk yield and other performance traits of the progenies.

Animal Nutrition Laboratory:
Balancing the nutrition of dairy livestock without being heavily dependent on arable land is the primary aim of this laboratory. Utilisation of agro-wastes and industrial by-products for production of feeds, development of complete feed, improving the quality of roughages, micro-nutrient research and feed analysis are the major activities with promising outcome.

The Animal Feed Unit is engaged in production of superior quality cattle feed and mineral mixture required for the farm and for distribution to farmers. This laboratory has developed complete feed from steam treated bagasse and molasses, which was adopted by many sugar factories & other agencies for feeding livestock during drought and scarcity.

The unit is supplying more than 300 tons of excellent quality Mineral Mixture to Military Dairy Farms through out the country.
Animal Health Laboratory:
Established to take up regular health check up of the herd maintained at CRS and to provide extensive diagnostic services to the farmers.

BAIF initiated research on forage crops in 1978 as a voluntary centre and received recognition as a Coordinated Centre by ICAR, New Delhi in October 1982. Over a period of time, various technologies of intensive fodder production suited to varying climatic conditions were generated through this coordinated research project. Introduction of Salvodar type subabul, from Hawaii in 1976, now widely cultivated for fodder, fuel, pulp and rehabilitation of community wastelands is the significant achievement. Gliricidia, Sesbania and Stylo are the other forage legumes promoted through distribution of seeds. Under the ICAR Coordinated Forage Research Programme, various forage crops and varieties are evaluated. Breeding of tropical grasses and legumes, seed production and distribution of forage crops such as sorghum, bajra, maize, Hybrid Napier, Guinea grass, Anjan grass, Marvel grass, cow pea, oats and alfa alfa are the important activities. BAIF was assigned the responsibility of conducting breeding and agronomic trials till 2000. During the National Group Meeting held at TNAU, Coimbatore (Rabi 2006-07), the mandate crops were revised to maize, pearl millet, lucerne, B x N Hybrid, Chenchrus and Stylosanthus.

Year round employment and income being the problem in arid regions, suitable cropping systems have been developed with a preference for tree based farming. Major focus is on utilization of drought tolerant fruit crops like custard apple, sapota, tamarind, Indian gooseberry, mango and a wide range of multipurpose tree species such as melia, neem, leucaena, Gliricidia, Dalbergia, acacias, Jatropha, Bamboo, pongamia, shrubs and medicinal herbs for year round employment and income generation

To promote sustainable agriculture and organic farming, research and critical input production have been undertaken in composting, vermicomposting, bio-fertilisers such as Rhizobia, Azatobacter: Phosphate Solubilising Bacteria, EM, organic mulching and bio-fungicides.
Economic viability of small scale floriculture in polyhouse is being studied and the initial results are encouraging.

The aim is to develop technologies and improved races for improving the quality and yield of silk. Standardisation of technology for production of disease free layings, mulberry saplings and suitable rearing equipment has been carried out. A complete system from egg to silk production at the village level is being developed to demonstrate the economic viability at various scales of operation. Field extension and training have been initiated in Maharashtra, Gujarat, Karnataka and Himachal Pradesh. Promising germplasm of indigenous and exotic silkworm races have been maintained for conservation and evaluation.

The Sericulture Laboratory has been successfully promoting production of mulberry silk and tassar silk in the field with buying arrangement of cocoons. This has given a boost to Sericulture in Maharashtra state. BAIF is also providing advisory services to Government of Himachal Pradesh for promoting Sericulture in Mandi district. As part of forward integration, BAIF has set up a silk weaving unit at Urulikanchan to process cocoons procured from the farmers. The silk was produced and marketed through various outlets. The sericulture section has been recognized for undertaking doctoral studies by the University of Pune and Shivaji University, Kolhapur.

Mushroom Production
R and D facilities have been set up to promote oyster mushroom production as an income generation activity. Various strains were evaluated and technologies for using different agro wastes / crop residues as substrate for growing mushrooms have been standardised. Entrepreneurship development through training, input supply and market coordination is the extension strategy.
Biogas Unit :
Studies have been undertaken to improve the efficiency of biogas production and utilize different bio-degradable wastes for gas production. A biogas unit of 300 m3 capacity is in operation. Efficient management of slurry through vermicomposting has been demonstrated.
  Community Health Research Centre
The Community Health Research Centre (CHRC) is providing diagnostic services, awareness and training on health and sanitation. The team is also involved in implementing various community health & hygiene projects in rural areas.

Women empowerment through drudgery reduction, gender sensitization and capacity building has been initiated in 22 villages of Haveli and Daund blocks of Pune district. 96 Self Help Groups (SHG) with over 1500 women are active in socio-economic development. They have established their own cooperative 'Sankalpa Stree Wadi Sahakari Sanstha' with the objective of promoting entrepreneurship development, marketing and mentoring. An innovative Health Insurance Scheme for women has been promoted through these Groups.

Production of handmade paper from waste paper and agricultural by-products has been standardised. The Handmade paper unit has provided remunerative income and created confidence among illiterate women. This unit is producing superior quality filter paper, greeting cards, visiting cards and envelopes.

The Women Counseling centre has been established to create awareness on legal aspects and conduct regular training for paralegal workers.

The training programmes on Animal Breeding and Husbandry, Agriculture, Sericulture, Floriculture, Mushroom Cultivation, Food Preservation and Women Empowerment, are conducted for creating opportunities of gainful self-employment in rural areas. The hostel accommodates 72 trainees. The training of 2-12 weeks duration, depending on the subject and speciality, consists of classroom lectures by expert scientists, laboratory work and field visits to work directly with the farmers.

The CRS is recognised as a centre for pursuing certificate and degree courses of the Yashwantrao Chavan Maharashtra Open University, Nashik. Over 250 students enroll for various courses every year.

Maharashtra Animal & Fishery Sciences University has granted recognition to BAIF Central Research Station as the institute for the purpose of providing means of instruction and research to meet partially the requirements of the University internship for MVSC and Ph.D. student.

Presently, Research Projects sponsored by ICAR, DST, DBT, NDDB and Tata Trusts and other in-house projects are being implemented.

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